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Messages - Rev. Ma'atnofret

Pages: [1] 2 3 ... 32
1
Min
I. Name and symbol: gr. Min according to Äg. Mnw (etymology unclear: name similarity with Amun probably only apparent), written with the Min hieroglyph (earliest evidence: a. Naqada palette, b. Archaic statues from Koptos, c. Tablets from the tomb of Qaa) of different shapes (later often replaced by z-hieroglyph); interpreted as a thunderbolt (not convincing), double arrowheads etc.
II. Iconography of the Min and his attributes.
1. Shape: Min is consistently anthropomorphic, represented (anthopomorphism): ithyphallic; with a raised right arm holding a scourge (possibly borrowed from Horus [cf. royal epithet Hrw tm3- '"Horus with a strong arm"], so the aspect of the god of the king); Crown made from pair of falcon feathers, sometimes with a sun disk (feathers and feather crown); tape falling from head; Beard; left hand embraces the phallus (only recognizable as a round shape, left arm "covered" in the flat; fertility pitted). The almost always undivided body is not to be understood as mummy-shaped. The archaic statues from Koptos go back to Hermen and are forerunners of the canonical representation.

2. Attributes: A round hut or a lettuce field is often depicted behind Min: a.) Round hut (occupied since dynasty 6) of cylindrical or upwardly tapering shape with an elongated top (the original probably made of perishable material), since dynasty 12 with an entrance gate on which a pair of cattle horns (bucranion) and a spiral wound ribbon are attached (they can also be on a stick in front of the gate: j3wt symbol) previously interpreted as a rock chapel, pillar or as a massive structure, but the similarity with residential buildings from Punt is likely to be an accessible building (hut; round buildings) and non-sag. Origin show (climbing for min); the name zhn is first taken from Greek, wogl related to suspected "climbing frame". b.) Lattichfeld: Rectangular Fled in plan (can be replaced by a table or chapel facade) with lettuce plants (lettuce; fertility mask) placed on top.

III. Aspects of the Min: Min is a local god in the eastern desert, in Koptos and Achmim. He embodies fertility (human: ithyphallic figure, lettuce field; animal: white bull at the Minfest; vegetable: god of vegetation, see also harvest, driving the calves, Minfest). Min is King god (connection with Horus; as well in Pyr .; in standard escort he is one of the royal powers) and king of the gods. In addition to his connection with Horus and Amun, the one with Ra should be mentioned in particular.

IV. Distribution of the Min cult and origin of the Min
1. Distribution: The main cult areas or places of the Min are the eastern desert, Koptos and Achmim. In addition, Memphis, ABydos and Theban are to be mentioned and in Greek-Roman. Zt Dendara, Edfu and Philae.
2. Origin: The theories about the origin of the Min are connected with its main cult sites (documented there at the latest since the Thinness of the Age) and are related to the question of whether Min was originally an Äg. or not God be. The Äg. Statements about the origin of the Min refer to Punt, the eastern mountainous countries or Nubia, but are probably all secondary, i.e. they can be explained from the spread of the worship of the Min. Modern attempts to Min as the rain god with late proposed. Conditions in Middle Aeg. Link zi, remain in the uncertain.
For a non-day Origin of the Min, especially the archaic statues from Koptos have been claimed. They contain incised motifs (interpretation partly controversial), which indeed give references to the Red Sea (Pteroceras mussel, sawfish saws) and (eastern) mountain lands (animals on mountainous hills), but perhaps only a hiking and trade route between Koptos and indicate the Red Sea. A non-day is very likely. Element in the ritual of "climbing for Min" can be grasped, which seems to go back to the establishment of a portable Min cult site by (east desert) nomads: Min as a nomad god. It is unclear whether the fertility aspect of Min, which was documented early (Coptic statues), goes back to the nomad god.

V. The most important cult areas. 1. Eastern desert: In Wadi Hammamat, Min is from Pepi I on (already as Gbtwj "the Koptite" or nb Gbtw "Lord of Koptos") all the way to gr-roman. Currently occupied. In Pepi I and Mentuhotep IV. It is specifically associated with the Sedfest. The latter obtained his royal legitimation as the son of Min, with whom he had a Kamutef relationship, during an expedition carried out by the vizier Amenemhat. The "mountain" (south wall of the main valley) is in this context as the residence and place of worship of the Min. Intersection of the earthly and heavenly (t3 3htjw) and the center of the tw-ntr "God's land", the dominion of the Min.

North Min is tangible from Wadi Hammamat in Wadi el-Gasus: on a stele of the MR and on representations of the SpZt. Since Min belonged to the Abydos family, he is also in the temple

v. Kanais (as ithyphallic Amun-Ra) present. In large parts there was a Paneion (Interpretatio graeca) here as well as in the Wadi Hammamat ("Chapel of Nectanebos"). In the desert regions, Min is the protector of travelers, also in Greek.

2. Koptos: Although the Min cult has been documented since the French era, a temple was only found in Dynasty 6 (Koptos decree Pepi II). In Koptos and Achmim the king-god aspect dominates (connection with Horus [also as Hrw-Mnw]; this is how Isis came to Koptos as mother and wife of Min [Kamutef]: formation of Min-Harsiese) in addition to the function of Min as a local god .

3. Achmim: Mnw Jpwj calls the tablet of Qa-a "Min of Achmim". The nome sign of the 9th or similar nomes (Gau 9. o.äg.) contains a Min-hieroglyphic element (documented since dynasty 4). A Min temple has been known since NR: Rock temple of Eje (erected by the 1st prophet of Min, Nht-Mnw), in ptol. Expanded at the moment. The title nb Jpw "Herr von Achmim"  is also occupied since NR.

4. Memphis and Abydos: In the Memphis area, the Min cult can only be identified from a few texts of different genres and times: "Forming (the statue) of Min" is mentioned on the Palermostein, the festival prt-Mnw "Excerpt of the Min "(Minfest) in a private grave (Dynasty 5) and in the solar sanctuary of Niuserre. In Abydos the tablet of Qa-a testifies to contact with Akhmim. A representation of Min is preserved on a vessel fragment from the tomb of Chasechemui. Min is particularly documented on so-called Abydos steles. He is connected to the Osiris circle as Horus (Harendotes), i.e. as the king god, so that he undoubtedly came to Abydos from Koptos or Achmim.

5. Thebes: In Dynasty 11, Min enters into a syncretic connection with Amun or Amun-Ra, into which he brings the ithyphallic form (which has been next to the normal human form of Amun since Mentuhotep II) and the Kamutef aspect (king god- and gods king attributes Contribution of Ra). The Syncretistic formation of the Amun-Ra is tangible in outline as a development (e.g. differences between the ideas of the Master Mentuhotep II and the Master Sesostris I). In this context, Mentohotep IV's strong reference to Min of Koptos in Wadi Hammamat is to be classified, just as the proximity of Koptos is made responsible for the strong Min component in the Amun-Ra conception. In addition, a fundamental affinity between the "primordial god" Amun and Min can be assumed with regard to the fertility aspect. According to the NR, this aspect of fertility comes into play especially in the Amun of Luxor. On the independent Min cult in Thebes, see especially the Minfest.


2
Mehen
Mehen the "ringed snake": 1. In the Amduat it protects the sun god in the underworld from the 7th hour of the night, is also otherwise the patron god in the underworld and is also brought as such by Isis to her son Horus. They are also referred to as "living in shapes". 2. for the name of a game see snake game.

3
Schemanefer
Sm'-nfr is the name of a crocodile-god (Krokodildkulte), mentioned and represented to Esna as the son of Neith. His name means "The long and narrow (god) who is good", a name that the god owed to his general appearance, rather than "The handsome Southern". Onomastics also teaches us that Shemanefer was not only venerated in Upper Egypt. The study of demotic and Greek attestations of the divine names Semenouphis and Samanouphis appearing in encumbered texts of the 3rd / 2nd century BC. J.-Chr., Respectively an inscription without provenance and a papyrus found at Elephantine. Note also that a hieroglyphic example of the anthoponym is found in an unpublished Chicago papyrus, probably coming from the Esna region.

4
Soknopaios
Appearance of the god Sobek in the form of a crocodile with a falcon's head, especially in Dimeh (Soknopaiou Nesos), but also worshiped in other places of the Faijum such as Krokodilopois, Neilupolis and Pelusium. The name Soknopaios means "Suchos, lord of the island" (Sbk-nb-p3-jw, demotic Sbk-nb-Paj, also written Sbk-Paj and the like). A very large number of Greek and Demot. Papyri and Ostraka (the demotic mostly unpublished) provides detailed information about the priesthood of Soknopaios and the goddesses Isis Nephremmis and Isis Nepherses associated with him as well as about the function of Soknopaios as oracle and healing god and about some feast days (Soknopaios' birth festival on 7 . Hathyr). A demotic hymn to Soknopaius (Pap. Strasbourg 31) has not yet been deciphered.

5
Nebetuu
"Mistress of the fertile land" is the name of a goddess who, as an old local numeral, belongs to Esna's circle of gods. She is venerated there as the sister-wife of Khnum and mother of Heka. Syncretistically, she can merge with the lion goddess Menhit, who also unites in Esna with Khnum and Heka to form a triad. It is also adapted to the goddesses Isis, Renenutet and Wadjet. A "singer (sm'jt) of the Nebetuu" is documented from dynasty 19. Priests and a temple of Khnum and Nebetuu are mentioned at the end of Dynasty 20. However, the tradition about Nebetuu only begins fully in the Ptolemy and is found primarily in the temple of Esna, occasionally also in the temples of Kom Ombo and Edfu (Tell Edfu). As a headdress, the goddess wears the vulture hood and above it the sun disk between the cattle horns. Nebetuu is closely connected with the temple festivals in Esna. So on the 1st Phamenoth, in connection with litany-like invocations, the king presented her with a sacrifice, which the goddess in turn rewards with a mercy. And in the rites from the 1st to the 6th Choiak, Nebetuu in Esna takes on the role of Hathor-Tefnut as the lion-shaped sun eye, which once angrily parted from the sun god and, after being appeased by Thoth and Scho, returned home from Nubia returns. Nebetuu therefore not only bears epithets that correspond to its local meaning, such as "Mistress of Esna" or "First or excellent of the Khnum Temple", but is also "Daughter of Ra", "Eye of the." Ra "," mistress of heaven "or" mistress of all gods "called.

6
[PUBLIC] Welcome! / Re: Hello everyone!
« on: April 06, 2021, 04:08:41 pm »
Em hotep and welcome

7
Mehit (mhjt)
Lion goddess who, as a result of the general humanization process of the gods, also heals a mixed form (female body, lion head with atef crown). The name may be related to the verb mh "packen". The interpretation "the full one" or "the (again) perfected" (celestial eye) reflects the further development of the being of the goddess. In mythology, she is the companion of Onuris in Thinis. The simple legend of the hunter hero who brought the lioness home from the distant desert has been reinterpreted in the astral sense. In their name one saw an indication of the filling of the moon's eye. Tefnut, with whom she was identified, was also often viewed as the moon eye. The association with Tefnut brought about an alignment in Edfu with Hathor and Sachmet. Since the Uraeus serpent was connected to a number of lion goddesses, the equation necessarily took place in the case of Mehit as well. In addition, the similarity of the names (mhjt-mnhjt) may also have played a role. In Sebennytos, where Mehit was considered the "daughter of Ra", she also appears under the name Djedet (ddt).
Theologically difficult to understand are the motives on which their identification with the Lepidos fish was based. In Lepidotonpolis in the Thinitischen Gau (Mescheich) stood a temple of Onuris and Mehit. The Lepidotos was also called "Mehit, mistress of Thinis". In addition to the cult of the city's goddess, the harmony of the words mhjt Mehit and mhjt "the fish" formed a tying bond between the lioness and the sacred fish.
The notable monuments of the cult of the Mehit include an altar from the time of the strings and a cube stool with a sacrificial prayer to Mehit, allegedly from Zt Amenhotep III.

8
Menhit (Mnhjt)
Goddess uraeus whose name might mean "the slaughterer," as has been generally believed, but might as well translate to "that of the thicket of papyrus." She appears for the first time, under the name of Mnhet, in the Texts of the Sarcophagi, where she is associated with Wadjet de Buto and defined as "the one who presides over the Castles of the Red Crown." She is therefore recognized, from the start, as a personification of the northern uraeus and originally from Sais. She may just be the uraeus aspect of the goddess Nit.

It is as uraeus of the North that she is most constantly mentioned in texts and representations: she appears in the old Hymn to the Crowns as well as among the goddesses invoked during the incense rite, an essential moment of the ritual of temples.

What we know about her from the New Kingdom coincides more or less exactly with what the late texts of the temple of Esna (Latopolis) tell us. Despite descrete ties with Sais, it is mainly in this city that she is known. There, identified with Nit and frequently bearing the epithet of nbt Hntj-t3 "lady of the ends of the earth," she is Khnum's privileged companion. She is both his uraeus and the mother of the godson Heka. She identifies, on occasion, with another local goddess, Nebetuu. Her attribution, which means that she is essentially represented as a woman with the head of a lioness (Lion, god), allow her to merge with most of the dangerous goddesses associated with the royal crown: Sekhmet especially, but also Bast, forming composite personalities, or even Thermoutis.

Khnum of Esna having assimilated certain aspects of Shu, she crystallizes around her elements of the legend of the Distant Goddess. She merges with Tefnut. Festivities and a special dance rite, a sign of welcome, are dedicated to him.

Crown goddess, she was hardly popular. No member of his clergy seems to have been spotted and his appearance in onomastics is exceptional.

9
[PUBLIC] Netjer (Our Gods & Goddesses) / Re: Epithets of the Names
« on: March 13, 2021, 06:37:46 pm »
Khnum-Ra pt 3

S. activities
1.nurse

The wet nurse
3. Judge
The Lord of the Tribunal of Thirty
4. Guardian
The watchful lion
The awakening
5. Craft
The chief of the craftsmen
The chief of the labors of his Memphis in Upper Egypt
Who creates the arts
The perfect craftsman
The builder
Who builds the sanctuaries for his images
Who creates the craftsmen
6. Miscellaneous
The head of the field
The field chief of the Ra
The head of the herds
The good head of the herds
The district chief
Who takes the stick

T. Temple and Cult
1. ritual

The pure one
Who loves purification for himself
The Lord of Purification
That fixes every ritual forever
Who sets the land under his image
For whose ka the cleaning has started
Who started cleaning
The ka with a pure body
2. Festival
Who seizes the two countries at his great festival
The Lord of the Festival
3.statue
The magnificent idol
The one with an excellent statue
Who builds the sanctuaries for his images
With its image the secret places endure
With the image of all districts are provided
The magnificent image
Who lets his image appear
5. Sacred object
The pillar (= partly the moon)
The great pillar
Who is on the standard of his children in the four cities

U. cult of the dead
2. Burial, grave and coffin

The head of the sarcophagus
3. Other
Who makes the underworld deep for his body

V. In relation to food
The one with numerous dishes
The one with plenty of milk
The one with numerous foods
The lord of the grain
The lord of food
The master of food and nourishment
The Lord of the Bread
Who gives grain to the living
That is above the food
Who makes the grain for the earth's inhabitants
He lets all dishes arise in the country
Who supplies everyone with the bread from his dining table

W. In connection with terms of time (including times of day)
Which comes in its time
Who comes forever in (his) time
Who comes in his (year) time
Who reaches the nhh time
Who creates the month
Who runs his course in millions of millions (= millions of times)
Who creates the night
Who creates dt eternity
The ruler of eternity
The ruler of the nhh and dt times
That rises in the horizon every day
That appears on the day
That rises and sets in its time
That opens the beautiful year
That separates the seasons
The Lord of Eternity
The Lord of the Years
Who forms the king on the potter's wheel of the nhh era
The nhh time
Whose king lasts daily
Who gives life forever
Who is over the earth every day
Who appears on the throne of the nhh time
Who hacked the enemy at his appointed time
Chepre in the morning
The Buton roams at dusk
Who wanders through the dt time
That fixes every ritual forever
Who ends the night when he emerges
Who reunites with his sister in his chapel every day
The forever strong one
Who started the day
Who goes in his time
Who creates the dt time
Who founds the country every day through his work
Atum in the evening
Who crosses the sky every day
Who drives the sky in the morning

X. Identification with other deities
Amun
The great Amun
Amin, the great in all his manifestations
Osiris
Ptah
Ptah-Shu
Ptah Tatenen
The one with permanent Kas as Shu
The big nun
The big well at the beginning of the district
Who is provided with the Ka forces
Nehebkau of the Ninth
Ra
Eastern Horus
Horus in Buto
Heh
Chepre in the morning
Khnum, who creates the Khnum gods
Khnum, who creates the seven Khnume
Khnum-Hapi
Khnum Tatenen
Shai (the fate)
Fate and fortune
Shu
Shu, the great one
Who completes his time (Kematef)
Deeds
Taten in Memphis
Action at the beginning
Atum
Atum in the evening

Y. Other
....? ......
The father
Whose possession is permanent
The end of the nine
To which the dairy cows give milk
The born one
....? .....
The lord of fortune and fortune
...? ......
In the wake of which are fate and upbringing
In whose fist fate and education are united
That fate has begun
......? .....
......? ......
......? ......
......? .......


10
[PUBLIC] Netjer (Our Gods & Goddesses) / Re: Epithets of the Names
« on: March 13, 2021, 06:33:58 pm »
Khnum-Ra pt 2

F. Life / death
1. Lifespan

Who lives forever
That calculates the life time
That extends the life time
The great permanent one
2. Renewal / rebirth
Who opens the ball of dung
Who repeats life
Who repeats the rejuvenation
The rejuvenated youth
3. Other
The living one
In whose fist is the sign of life
Who pervades the two countries with life
Because of that one dies or lives
In whose fist is death
The Lord of Life
The masters of life
Whose saying kill and let live are subject to
In the wake of which is health

G. Spiritual qualities
1. Knowledge

The one with big plans
That separates the languages
The one with excellent plans
Without whose knowledge there is no action
Without whose knowledge there is no work
The master of the plan
Who foretells what will arise
Who created the earth according to his plans in the beginning
Who sets up the district according to his plans
2. Morality / law
Whose abhorrence is injustice
Whose disgust is overthrowing
Who loves the ma'at
The lord of the ma'at
The one with perfect righteousness
The head of the ma'at
3. Understanding, etc.
The one without forgetting (= without negligence)

H. Physical characteristics
Personal strength
For whom there is no fatigue
Who seizes with his4 power
The one with great strength
The one with great strength
The one with great strength
The one with great strength among the gods
The one with great strength
The one with mighty strength
The aggressive Ba
The aggressive Ba in the midst of the nine
In the vicinity of which one cannot rise
For whom there is no weakness
For whom there is no fatigue
Whose arm cannot be fended off
The lord of strength
The Lord of Valor
The strong
The strong God in the midst of the Ninth
The one with a strong heart when rising and falling
The one with strong arms
Who doesn't know how to get tired
The one with mighty strength
The forever strong one
The one with a high arm
The Brave
The brave in the desert
The brave in the fray
The heavy arm
2. Personal strength directed against enemies
Who opposes the arches
Who drives away the enemy
Whose heart is violent to him who is disloyal to him
3. Speed ​​/ agility
Who starts the run in his field
Who moves without ceasing
The one with a big step
Who runs through the hills
Who crosses the mnw-waters with the birds and fish
The time through the two countries
Who times the Unterwlet
The one with an outstretched step
Who stretches the step against his enemies
The master of driving over
The one with a fast run
Who rushes among the enemy
Who walks back and forth on earth among the protective gods
4. Fertility
Who creates lust
The mate
Who has begun to beget for himself
The lord of the phallus
The Lord of Creation
The mate in the 16. and ag. gau
The mate
The mate in Mendes
Who is above the beautiful cattle
Who unites with the cows
Who mates the cows
The copulating bull
The copulating bull
5. Physical features and parts of the body
The one with excellent arms
The one with skilled fingers
The one with numerous manifestations
The one with big, shiny eyes
The Ba / Aries with four faces
The ba with four faces on one neck
Above whose head is the sky
The one with sharp eyes
The one with twisted horns
The lord of the phallus
The Lord of the Beard
The one with a beautiful figure
The one with the perfect body and fingers
The one with the beautiful face
The one with the right eye shines
The one with emerging manifestations
Who stabs his enemies with his horns
The one with sharp horns
The one with sharp horns
The one that lets his fingers ... persist in the womb
Who illuminates the two countries with his udja eyes
Who ... guides with his fingers
Who completes his form
The tall one under the great crown of feathers
The one with strong hands
The masculine of the Ninth
The perfect male of the gods of Egypt
The most masculine of the gods
On whose mouth is the breath of life
Who lifts the sky with the breath of his mouth
Who lifts his soles to make the nun grow up
The one with sharp horns
The pupil of the Re

I. Other attributes
1. Armament

Whose stick is on the head of his enemies
The Lord of the Thirty Spear
Who brings down the enemy with the staff of the field
Who catches the net
2. Clothing and jewelry
Which is adorned with every splendid gemstone

L. Person elements (Ba, Ka, etc.)
Who raises heaven as a temple roof for his ba
The one with great power
Whose bas are big
The one with greater power than all (other) gods
The one with great power in the two countries
Whose ka is greater than that of the gods
The BA
The ba of the east
The hiding (or: hidden) Ba
The big ba
The great living ba
The big ba in his shrine
The living ba
The living Ba of Ra
The great ram / ba
The Ba with great esteem
The great ram in the tpht-d3t
The mighty ba on Elephantine
The Ba der Bas in the sanctuaries
The Ba in the Eastern Mountains
The ba of the two heavens
That ba
The Ba in the western mountains
The Bam the Lord of Heaven
The strong ram / ba
The ba of the gods
The Ba of Ra
The Ba des Ra the first time
The Ba / Aries with four faces
The ba with beer faces on one neck
The splendid ba
The magnificent Ba within the horizon of Ra
The respected Ra
The Ba with a majestic face
The educational Ba
The aggressive ba
The aggressive Ba in the midst of the nine
The male ba
The sublime ba
The sublime ba the first time
Whose ba is in Mendes
The four living rams
The one with permanent Kas as Shu
The Ba's confidante
Whose ka man ramps up
The lord of the Kas
The head of the Bas
For whose ka the cleaning has started
The Ka
The ka with a pure body
The magnificent Kas
For whose Ka all districts and cities are founded

M. AS acting deity
1. As an equipping / providing / sacrificing deity

Who creates the livelihood for the upper and lower
Who creates the livelihood of all things
Who creates the need for who he has created with what comes out of his field
Who creates the need of the country in his things
Who creates the stable for all of Egypt
Who furnishes the country with his child
Who floods the two countries with his work
Who assigns the land to the protective gods s3w-n.sn
Who cares for the earth
Who provides the food
Who gives sacrifices to all gods according to his wishes
Who gives grain to the living
Who gives the need to the one he loves
Who guides the living with the food of his field
Who directs the food to the gods and goddesses
Who feeds the sanctuaries
Who nourishes the one He created in every womb
The breadwinner of the whole country
Who donates water
Who feeds the Ninth with his things
Who supplies everyone with the bread from his dining table
In whose arms the food is
2. As a punitive deity
Who wreaked havoc on Apophis
Who makes his enemy a nonexistent
Who wreaked havoc on his enemy
Who beats his enemy
That beats every foreign country
Who beats the enemy
Who beats the enemy
Who hacked the enemy at his appointed time
Who stabs his enemies with his horns
Which is in a pile of lights
Who kills the enemy
Who kills his enemies
Who slaughters his enemies
Who kills the adversaries
Who kills the animals for slaughter
Who brings down the enemy with the staff of the field
Who brings down the rebel
Who cuts off the years of the wrongdoer
Who ties his enemies in the field
Who throws down the enemy
Who fends off his rebels
Who fends off his rebels
Who drives away his enemies
Who fends off his enemies
The retaliator
3. As a helping / benevolent deity
Who comes to him who calls him
Who comes to him who worships him
Who does the useful things
Who creates life for him who bows to his power
Through which one lives
By seeing it one lives
Through which everyone who exists lives
One lives from its rays
Who gives life to the one he created
The helper of the gods and goddesses
The helper of gods and men
Who loves to give life
Whose ka one calls
To which the whole of the two countries calls
That one calls for wind
Who lets the nostrils breathe the wind that is in him
Who cares for everyone who is in his city
Who knows how to give air
Who gives the air to breath to the gods
Who lets everything that exists live through its perfection
Who gives life forever
Which brings relief to the one with a narrowed throat in his form
Who puts everyone on the way
Who gives a son and a daughter to those who ask them
That gives the breath of life
That gives air to every nose
Who gives the air to the nose of the one with a narrowed throat
Gives air to make the throat breathe
Who gives air to those who worship him
Who drives away the want
Who protects the great in his shrine
The one with an invigorating fragrance
Who keeps what exists alive
Who lets the fish live
That animates the egg
Who keeps what exists alive
Who keeps the land alive with the primeval water
That keeps the two countries alive
That keeps the child alive
Who lets the children live
Who lets the children live with his breath
The ka of the one he loves. great power
Who lets those who are in the underworld hold on with his breath
Who brings the wind to your throat
Through its breath those in the underworld breathe
That lets people's throats breathe
Who lets the throats of people, small and large cattle, birds, fish and snakes breathe
Who opens his ears
Who ... guides with his fingers
Who hears him who calls u to him
Who hears the requests
Who saves the pregnant woman in the sea
The one who comes up as the one who listens to all millions
4. As a protective deity
Who prepares the protection for the raised nose
Who saves the whole country from calamity
The shepherd
The excellent shepherd of the whole land
The Good Shepherd
The Shepherd of the Sun People
The protector of Ra
Which in turn saves the city dwellers
The perfect protector
The strong protector
The atum on earth protects
His father's protector
The protector of Ra
Who protects his city from all evil
Who protects the princess in his palace facade
Who protects the body of the daughter of the groove
Who fends off the bows
Who drives away evil
The protector
Who protects the gods
The Ra guards in the flood
Who leaves it safe ... Harpocrates
Who lets the one he created be safe in every body
Who protects the two children
That keeps away all suffering
6. As a rejoicing deity
Who is happy
8. As a commanding deity
Who gives the order
Who gives orders to his children
Who gives orders to the people of the earth
To which the welfare of the whole country is subordinated
Heaven, earth and the underworld are under his command
One does not neglect all that comes out of one's mouth
Whose command is not delayed
The potter's wheel is made according to what he has commanded
Who fortified the country with his command
Fate and upbringing are as he has commanded
10. Other
Who comes in peace
Who separates heaven from earth
Who completes things
That uplifts the lifetime for Nhh
Who exalts what exists
The one coming out
Who raises the gathering
Who takes off the Kas
Who removes the dirt from the place where he is
Who collects the taxes in those and in these
Who lets the wind rise from his body
Who allows perfection to flourish
Who expands the border to his heart's content
Who makes a million perfect with his things
Who heats the heart for scih
Who wakes up the dead for himself
Who chooses the one he loves in the womb
Who chooses on the birthplace

N. Recipients of acts of others
1. Recipient of worship

Because of whose rays the Westerners are in worship
To whom his children give praise
Who is raised in his praise
Whom all those who come from his potter's wheel praise
2. Recipients of offerings, etc.
The one with numerous gifts
The one with large offerings
To whom one offers milk
For whom one makes the scent of his God festive
Who unites himself with the offerings without ceasing

O. rule
1. Title of ruler

The great ruler in R3-shwy (ON near Illahun)
The perfect ruler in the sky
The ruler of eternity
The ruler of the nhh and dt times
The ruler in the mouth of the Nile
The lower Egyptian king of the papyrus
The Lower Egyptian King of the Lower Egyptian Kings
The great king
The King of Upper and Lower Egypt
The perfect king
The king of the nstyw plants
The king of kings
The king of the gods
Who rules the gods (as king)
The great ruler
The ruler of the fruit country
The ruler of the nine
The ruler of Fenechu
The ruler of the shepherds
The excellent ruler in the whole country
The master of the flood
The ruler of the wetland
The ruler the ruler
The ruler on his field in the whole country
The ruler at the beginning
The ruler with the double feather crown
Who rules the brave
The ruler of Egypt
The ruler of the two countries
The ruler of the two countries by his power
Who rules the two countries for himself through his strength
The ruler of the deserts
Who appears as the king of Upper and Lower Egypt
The perfect prince of those who are on earth
2. Duration of rule
Whose kingship lasts daily
3. Legitimation of power
For whom the All-Lord issues an imyt-pr certificate
4. Handover of power
Who raises his heir to his place of birth
5. Takeover
Who takes hold of the white crown
Who takes the scepter
Who seizes the two countries at his great festival
7. Crowns
Who takes hold of the white crown
The one with the big white crown
Unworn with faience
The Lord of the Upper Egyptian Crown
The lord of the double crown
The lord of the great double feather crown
The ruler with the double feather crown
Who appears crowned
Its double feather crown reaches the sky for him
The tall one under the great crown of feathers
The one with a high double feather crown
8. Throne
Who is on the throne
Who is on his throne
Who is on his great throne
Who is on his great throne in Esna
The one on the palace facade
Who appears on his throne
Who appears on the throne of the nhh time
Who settles the princess in his palace facade
Whose seat in Theban is forward
The one with a sublime seat
Whose seat is sublime
Whose throne is exalted in Pr-ntr (ON 5 km northwest of Esna)
9. More rulership signatures
Who takes the scepter

P. Family relationships
1. Relationships

To whom his children give praise
That his father spits out the first time
The excellent father
The father of the young birds
Who gives orders to his children
Who sees his father asleep
The confidante of his father Ra
Who gives birth to the primal
His father's protector
His father Ra cheers at the sight of it
Which is on the standard of the sien children in the four cities
The son of Ra
The eldest son of Atum
The son of the bulls-necks
Who lets his children persist
The Elder of the Almighty
The eldest of Ra
The Elder of Atum
Whose divine sister is with him in Esna
Who reunites with his sister in his chapel every day
Who gives rise to everything that is for him who has emerged from it
That Ra created on (= with) his hand
The child of Ra

Q. Origin / origin of the deity
That his father spits the first time
The saliva / spat out of the atum
That lights up from the lotus blossom
That rises from the lotus blossom
For which every plant emerges
Whose seed has become substance
There is no such thing as the womb of his birth
The originated

R. Social / material position
1. As a popular / contented deity

The desired one from Elephantine
Who does what everyone in Esna wants
The one with great popularity on Elephantine
The one with great favor among the gods
The very popular one
The beloved
The lover when he appeared
You are happy to see it
Ra is happy to see it
His father Ra cheers at the sight
Whose heart is gracious to those who are devoted to him
2. As a respected deity
The tall one
The one with a great figure in heaven and on earth
The size of the big ones
The one with great respect
The one with great appearances
The one with great respect
The one with great standing in his own body
The great
The great of the great
The one with great popularity
The one with a great name among the gods
The one with great possessions
The great and oldest
The one with great respect
The Ba with a majestic face
To which the gods and men come
The Lord of Reputation
The Lord of Reputation
The great god
The great living god
The very great God
The great god
The god, the greatest of gods
The exalted God
The great gods
Whose name is remembered in the house
Whose name is remembered in the birth house
The one with a mighty reputation
The Magnificent of the Hundreds of Thousands
The one with a venerable face
The one with the honorable countenance
The one with the honorable countenance among the nine
The one with honorable faces
Who is higher than the gods
Who is higher than all gods
The big image
Who is greater than the gods
The sublime at the beginning
The one with sublime appearances
The one with a lofty figure in the four winds
3. As a unique / hidden deity
There is no such thing among the gods
The hidden one
The hidden one of the Abaton
The one with a hidden form
Whose name is hidden from the gods
Whose shape is hidden when it is created
The very distant in their faces
The unique one
The one who doesn't ...
The only one
The one with greater mystery than the gods
The hiding (or: hidden) Ba
Who emerges without recognizing its shape
There is no one bigger than him
Its like does not exist
There is no god like his majesty
Whose essence is not known
Whose place of publication is not known
Whose shape is unknown
Whose shape is not recognized
Whose secret picture is not known
Its shape is not known
Whose shape is not known
The unique one
Its shape cannot be recognized
There is no such thing
Whose example cannot be approached forever
The lord of the hidden
The only god
Who arises as the only God
The one with a secret glow
The one with secret manifestations
The one with a hidden form
Whose hidden body is in the princely house
4. As a perfect / excellent Godhead
The one with an excellent heart
Whose perfection endures in the cities and districts
Whose perfection is greater than that of the gods
The excellent God
The excellent God of the beginning
The one with perfect height
Who is complete in his body
5. As a feared / violent deity
Who causes a slaughter
The one with a great flame
The one with great horror
The one with a big roar
The one with great tremors
The one with great anger
Whose stick is on the head of his enemies
The one with a loud roar
The Lord of Terror
The Lord of Fear
Who hid his face from the rebel
Whose corners are in the faces
The grim one in his speech
The one with the grim face
Who appears with his flame
He shoots to hit (fatally)
The whole country is under its hide
6. As a powerful / successful deity
There is magic in all of his actions
Whose act is not unsuccessful
Whose power has gripped all people
The one with great miracles
The one with great miracles in the two countries and the foreign countries
The one with great power
The powerful
Who is mighty in his appearances
The one with successful deeds
There is no obstruction from what he started
The powerful
The great mighty one
Who is mighty among the gods
The one with powerful manifestations
The sublime power
The sublime power being
8. More about social / material position
The one with hundreds of thousands
The great and oldest
The first primeval are in the wake of his majesty
The gentleman
The Lord of Offices
The Lord of Offices under the Ninth
The Lord of the Gods
The lord of gods and men
The Lord of those who are above the hour
The Lord of the Millions
The Lord of Humanity
The god of gods
The god of gods in truth
The divine God
Who is above all gods
The head of the Rechit
To which all things are subject
The head of the Ninth
The chief of the gods
The chief of the protective gods
The eldest son
The oldest
Who walks back and forth on earth among the protective gods
The four Kas are at their disposal
Before which the four Kas are united
In whose wake the Kas are
The first of the gods of Khnum
Who is deserved with four gods
9. Relationship with other deities
The field chief of the Ra
The chief of Orber Egypt of him who shines out of his serpentine forehead
The one belonging to Ra
For whom the All-Lord issues an imyt-pr certificate
The Ra on the high hill creates
The saliva / spat out of the atum
The living Ba of Ra
The Ba with great esteem
The Ba of Ra
The Ba des Ra the first time
Who shines as Ra
The confidante of its creator
The protector of Ra
The potter full of life force of the goddess Isis
Who forms the son of Isis in a fine hour
The atum on earth protects
The protector of Ra
Ra is happy to see it
Who protects the princess in his palace facade
The thin linen of the daughter of the groove protects
The chief of the primeval
Who protects the great in his shrine
The Ra guards in the flood
Who leaves it safe ... Harpocrates
The enlightening one of Ra
Who creates the papyrus of the goddess who is with him
The good comrade of the Hathor
On both sides of which are Shu and Geb
Who creates the egg of him who comes out of now
Who carries the phoenix on his back
The pupil of Ra

11
[PUBLIC] Netjer (Our Gods & Goddesses) / Re: Epithets of the Names
« on: March 13, 2021, 06:28:15 pm »
prepare for a big one...
*note: the ~ spacer was to keep google translate from losing the word Nun, there was no spacer in the word*

Khnum-Ra Epithets pt 1

Hnmw-R '"Khnum-Ra"

A. Cosmos
1. Sky / horizon

Who creates the sky, the earth, the underworld, the water and the mountains.
Who prepares the place of Ra (i.e. heaven) for his solar disk and his children, and the earth for his images and what he created.
The perfect ruler in the sky
The great figure in heaven and on earth
Who prays up the sky
Who lifts the sky with his arm
Who lifts up the sky with what comes out of his mouth
Who raises the sky as a temple roof for his ba
Who lifts up the sky as a support to heaven
That rises in the horizon every day
The sky shines through the rays of his eye
That rises in the lower sky
Who rises in heaven
Who separates heaven from earth
Who lifts up the sky
The ba of the void heavens
The Ba, the Lord of Heaven
The splendid Ba within the horizon of Ra
With whose perfection heaven and earth are filled
Heaven, earth and the underworld are under his command
Over whose head is the sky
That shines on the horizon
That shines on the sky
The one with the left eye shines in the sky
The Lord of Heaven
The Lord of Heaven and Earth
The Lord of heaven, earth, the underworld, the water and the mountains
The Lord of Heaven
The Lord of the Field in the Four Corners of Heaven
That is in the horizon
Who appears in the sky
Who strengthens the sky by the action of his arms
Its double feather crown reaches the sky for him
Who creates the sky, the earth, the underworld, the water and the mountains
Who supports the sky
Who lifts up the sky
Who supports the sky in its shape as a heavenly support
Who lifts up heaven as what made his heart
That reaches up to the sky
Who lifts the sky with the breath of his mouth
Who pervades the sky
Who crosses the sky every day
Who drives the sky in the morning
2. Sun
The shining one
The great shiny one
The divine shining one
Because of whose rays the Westerners are in worship
Its rays reach the two countries up to the sky
Whose eye illuminates the two countries
Who runs his course in millions of millions (= millions of times)
The great disk of the sun
The one with great shine
One lives from its rays
Who opens the darkness
The rising one
That rises in the horizon every day
The sky shines through the rays of his eye
That rises in the nun / primeval water
That rises in the lower sky
That lights up from the lotus flower
That appears on the day
Who rises in heaven
That rises and sets in its time
Whose face rises to the land that is (still) united with the darkness
That rises from the lotus blossom
Who enlightens the two countries
Who illuminates the two countries with his goodness
That sends out rays
That lights up this land
That shines on the horizon
That lights up in the lotus flower
Who shines as Ra
That shines in the sky
The one with the left eye shines in the sky
Who loves the conjunction (in the astronomical sense)
Born in the sunlight
The lord of shine in the middle of the solar disk
The Lord of Light
The one with a strong heart at rise and fall
The one with the right eye shines
The one with shining rays
The one with the solar disk appears
Who spreads the darkness
Who unites the gods and goddesses with his rays (creates)
Who ends the night when he emerges
The enlightening one
Who illuminates the eyes of gods and men
The enlightened one of all gods
The enlightening one of Ra
That lights up the darkness
That lights up the land
That illuminates the two countries
Which for itself illuminates the two countries that were in darkness
Which illuminates the two countries with its shine
Who weaves his light
Who illuminates the two countries with his udja eyes
Who makes all arable areas shine with vegetation
In whose face is the light
That makes the vegetation shine
The two divine encircling ends
Whose light spreads the place of darkness
Through which everyone can see
3. moon
The moon
The jubilant pillar (= the moon)
Who glows in the night
Who illuminates the gods as the moon
The two divine encircling ends
4 stars
The Lord of the Stars
The Lord of the Constellation
5. Wind
That comes as wind
The wind
The wind of life
The big wind
The wind that goes back and forth on the sky
The air we breathe
The one with the living wind
That comes out as the wind
Who pulls the egg through with the wind
In whose fist water and wind are locked
Water and air are what he ordered
In whose wake is the north wind
Who you call at WInd
The Lord of the Wind
The Lord of Good Wind
The fine wind of those who are in the now
Who lets the nostrils breathe the wind that is in him
Who knows how to give air
That gives the breath of life
That gives air to every nose
Who gives the air to the nose of the one with a narrowed throat
That gives air to the place of birth
That provides the air inside the eggs
Who gives air to let the cool breathe
Who gives air to those who adore him
Who lets the children live with his breath
The wind
Who lets those who are in the underworld hold on with his breath
Who brings the wind to your throat
Who gives rise to all animals through the wind
Whose sublime image is the Dörrende (= the south wind)
The breath of life
The breath of life for those who are devoted to it
The breath of life for the gods
The breath of life for gods and people
On whose mouth there is the breath of life
The big wind
The pleasant air
The one with the lofty figure in the four walls
6. water
Who creates the sky, the earth, the underworld, the water and the mountains
That rises in the nun / primeval water
That comes out of the now
Coming up from the flood
That comes out of the NUN
In whose fist water and wind are enclosed
Water and air are what he has arranged
Under whose supervision the flood and the two mountain ranges are
The Lord of the sky, the earth, the underwater world, the water and the mountains
The strong one in the NUuN
Which is in the NUuN
The ruler of the flood
The Ra guards in the flood
Who creates the sky, the earth, the underworld, the water and the mountains
Who creates the NUuN
Who creates the lotus in the midst of now
7. Earth / world
Who creates the sky, the earth, the underworld, the water and the mountains
Who prepares the place of Ra (i.e. heaven) for his solar disk and his children, and the earth for his image and that which he has created
Who creates the earth
The one with a great figure in heaven and on earth
Who separates heaven from earth
The opener of the earth
Its fields extend to the periphery of the world
Who saves the whole country from calamity
To which the welfare of the whole country is subordinated
With whose perfection heaven and earth are filled
Under whose command the sky, the earth and the underworld stand
The excellent shepherd of the whole land
Who fills the land with its perfection
Who cares for the earth
The Lord of Heaven and Earth
The Lord of heaven, earth, the underworld, the water and the mountains
The Lord of the World
The Lord of the Earth
The atum on earth protects
Who is on the bank of the whole land
Who is over the earth every day
The excellent ruler in the whole country
The ruler of your field in the whole land
Who keeps the land alive with the primeval water
Who fortified the country with his command
Who sets the country under his image
Who makes the country full of what comes out of it
That lights up the land
Who creates all dishes in the country
Who created the earth according to his plans in the beginning
The breadwinner of the whole land Who creates the sky, the earth, the underworld, the water and the mountains
Who founds the country
Who founds the country with all that he has created
Who founds the country through his work
Who founds the country by work every day
With whose name the whole country is inscribed
Under whose feet is the earth
Through whose work the country was founded
Whose disgust the whole country is removed
In whose horror the whole country is
8. Underworld
Who creates the sky, the earth, the underworld, the water and the mountains
The great ram in the tpht-d3t
Under whose command the sky, the earth and the underworld stand
Who pervades the underworld
The Lord of heaven, earth, the underworld, water and mountains
Who is in the middle of the tpht-d3t
Who lets those who are in the underworld hold on with his breath
Who makes the underworld deep for his body
Through its breath those in the underworld breathe
Who creates the sky, the earth, the underworld, the water and the mountains

B. Topography
1. district

The big NUN at the beginning of the district
The lord of the beginning of the district (= 1st or similar district)
The mate at the age of 16 gau
The head of the beginning of the Gaue (= 1 o.ag. Gau)
2. Place names
The desired one from Elephantine
The chief of work on his Memphis in Upper Egypt
The Pr-ntr (ON at Esna) safely reached
Who does what everyone in Esna wants
The great ruler in R3-shwy (ON near Illahun)
Which is at the beginning of Wpt-tw (ON at Esna)
The Chemmis enters in an instant
The big one in Edfu
The one with great popularity on Elephantine
The mighty ba on Elephantine
Whose ba is in Mendes
The Lord of Elephantine
The Lord of Esna
The Lord of Philae
The Lord of 'b3 (ON at Esna)
The lord (of the city) of the two Bas (= Esna)
The Lord of Pr-ntr (ON 5 km northwest of esna) The Lord of Khnumtemepels (= Esna)
The lord of the house of the bull (= temple in et-death)
The Lord of Hr-wr (ON in the 15th o.ag. Gaue)
The Lord of Smnw-Hr (ON in the 21. o.ag. Gau)
The Lord of Bigga
The Lord of the Field (ON at Esna)
The Lord of S3s-htp (ON in the 11th o.ag. Gaue)
The Lord of Sn '(ON im Lykopolites = 13. o.ag. Gaue)
Lord of Esna
The great god in Thebes
The great god in the house of Khnum (= Esna)
The great god on Bigga
The great god in Esna
The mate in Mendes
Horus in Buto
Who is in the middle of Dendera
Who is in the middle of Armant
Who is in the midst of Esna
Who is in the midst of Edfu
Who is in the middle of Kom Ombo
Who is in the midst of Esna
Who is on his great throne in Esna
The chief of Esna
Who settles in the temple of Khnum (= Esna)
The head of the hill of the k3k3 plant (ON near Herakleopolis)
The head of Esna
The chief of Philae
The head of Wpt-t3 (ON at Esna)
The head of Edu
The chief of Herakleopolis
The head of the Temple of Khnum (= Esna)
The head of Hnty-tw (ON in 3.o.ag. Gau)
The head of the district of ...
The head of Bigga
The head of Esna
The Buto roams at dusk
Whose divine sister is with him in Esna
Who founds this country with his work
Taten in Memphis
Who hides his body in Bigga (or el-Hesa) (o.ag.)
Whose throne is exalted in Pr-ntr (ON 5 km northwest of Esna)
3. Countries, regions, and peoples names
The chief of the labors of his Memphis in Upper Egypt
The chief of Upper Egypt
The chief of Upper Egypt who shines out of his serpentine forehead
Whose eye illuminates the two countries
Who creates the stable for all of Egypt
Who seizes the two countries at his great festival
Who allows the two countries to flourish
Through its perfection the two countries flourish
Who enlightens the two countries
Who illuminates the two countries with his perfection
The one with great power in the two countries
The one with great miracles in the two countries and the foreign countries
The ram in the two sanctuaries
That flooded this lnad in front of him
Who floods the two countries with his work
Who illuminates this land (= Egypt)
Which pervades the two countries
Who pervades the two countries with life
To which the whole of the two countries calls
The Lord of W3w3t (ON in Lower Nubia)
The perfect Lord of Egypt
The Lord of Nubia
Who creates what exists in this land
Whose activity is the establishment of this country
Who is on the banks of Upper and Lower Egypt
The head of the two countries
The Egypt calculated
The ruler of Fenechu
The ruler of Egypt
The ruler of the two countries
The ruler of the two countries by his power
Who rules the two countries for himself through his strength
Who obliges the land of God to taxes
The head of the two sanctuaries
The head of the southern district
The chief of Upper Egypt
The chief of Nubia
The chief of Upper Egypt
The head of the two lands of the gods
The chief of the lands of the gods
The chiefs of the two sanctuaries
The head of Punt
Enter Egypt
That keeps the two countries alive
Who filled Egypt with his name
That illuminates the two countries
Which for itself illuminates the two lands that were in darkness
Which gives rise to the two countries
Who illuminates the two countries with his udja eyes
Who began life even for Egypt
Who creates the two countries
Who founds this land with its perfection
Who founds the two countries
The perfect male of the gods of Egypt
4. Sanctuaries
The hidden one of the Abaton
Whose shrine is great
The big ba in his shrine
The Ba der Baas in the sanctuaries
The Lord of Abaton
The master of the house of life
The lord of the birthplace
The Lord of the Father's House
The great god in 'i3t-dit (Temple of Isis in Dendara)
The great God in the father's house
The divine God in the birthplace
Who brings up the children in the birthplace
That gives air to the place of birth
Who is in the midst of the Abaton
Who is in the middle of the pure island (= Abaton)
Who is in the middle of the chamber of Aries
Who is in the middle of Hwt-b3w
The one above the stable
Who builds the sanctuaries for his images
The head of the horizon of eternity of the rising
The chief of the Abaton
The chief of the Abaton
The head of the two sanctuaries of Lower Egypt
The head of the two sanctuaries of Upper Egypt
The head of the house of life
The head of the house of the arch (protect)
The head of 'With a comfortable life' (= Edfu)
The head of the house of the bird trap (Thoth temple in the 15th o.ag. Gau)
The head of the father's house
The head of the Temple of the Gods
The head of the great seat
Who makes the monuments splendid
Who reunites with his sister in his chapel every day
Whose name is remembered in the birth house
Who feeds the sanctuaries
Who rests in the Abaton
Who creates the Ninth in her shrine
Who chooses the place of birth
Whose hidden body is in the princely house
5. Waters
The ruler in the mouth of the Nile
The one with large ib-waters
Who crosses the mnw-waters with the birds and fish
Its msht waters shine with beautiful flowers
The lord of the great green
The master of the water area
The head of the water area
Who saves the pregnant woman in Meet
6. Heavenly Reaches
The Bas of the East
The Ba in the Eastern Mountains
The Ba in the western mountains
The Lord of the Field in the Four Corners of Heaven
Which is south of his wall
The East Horus
The chief of the western mountains
8. Other
Whose hill is pure in the midst of his field
Who creates the cities
The Re created on the high hill
That separates the districts from each other
Which demarcates the territory for the nine
Who cut off the territory of every god for him
The one with great miracles in the two countries and the foreign countries
Who runs through the hills
There is no Gau where his name does not exist
In the name of which stafts and districts are founded
Under whose supervision the flood and the two mountain ranges are
The Lord of the Shore
The lord of the fruiting land
The lord of the place of offerings
The Lord of heaven, earth, the underworld, the water and the mountains
Whose perfection endures in the cities and districts
Whose place is divine
Which is south of his wall
That beats every Framdland
Who is in the middle of the papyrus thicket
The head of the bank
Who is on the banks of Upper and Lower Egypt
Who is on the bank of the whole land
Who is over its bank
The ruler of the fruit country
The ruler of the wetland
The ruler of the deserts
Who protects his city from all evil
The chief of the fruit land
The head of his lifelong dream
The head of the cities and districts
The head of the workshop
With its image the secret places endure
With the image of all districts are provided
That strengthens the mountains
Who creates the mountains
Who binds his enemies in the field
Who creates the sky, the earth, the underworld, the water and the mountains
The brave in the desert
Who creates every place
For whose Ka all districts and cities are founded
Who founds all districts in his name
Who sets up the district according to his plans
The sublime above his city

C. Fauna / flora
1. Animals

The great lion
The big winged carab
The Agathodaimon
The one with lots of cattle
The one with numerous Renenutet snakes
The ram in the two sanctuaries
The divine falcon
The divine phoenix
The lion
The watchful lion
The master of the great cattle
The master of the calves
The magnificent winged scarab
The Aries
The magnificent ram
Who runs the cows
The bull snake
The copulating bull
The copulating bull
2. Plants
The king of the nstyw plants
That appears from / in the lotus blossom
That appears in the lotus blossom
Who creates the lotus blossom in the midst of the Nun

D. In relation to vegetation
1. Flood

That floods the field
Who brings the flood water out of the spring holes
Who creates the flood
Which brings out the flood water of the two spring holes
That spit out as flood water
With its elevation the Nile has risen
Who floods this land in front of him
Who brings about the flood water
That emerges from / as flood water
That lets the flood water flow out of the two spring holes
From which the flood of water comes out
From under the soles of which the great Nile emerges
Under the bottom of which the flood water comes out of its spring hole
Whose body sweat is the flood
The lord of the flood waters
The Lord of the Field in the Four Corners of Heaven
Who spreads out to the fields (self. Tired)
That spreads (own. Tired) on the fields
Hapi (= the flood water)
The great flood water
The hard worker
From whose body sweat the flood water works
To which the flow of the flooding water is subordinate
Who waters the banks
Who brings the Nile out of its source holes
Who pours the flood water from its spring hole
Who brings the Nile out of its source hole
Who lifts his soles to make the nun grow up
2. Fields, crops, etc.
From which the plants shine
Through which all trees flourish
Who creates the vegetation like Ra
Who creates the grain for the living
Who creates the need for who he has created with what comes out of his field
Who creates the plants
Who creates the field plants
Who starts the run in his field
The one with large field plants
Who is rich in fields and their products
The one with fresh plants
The one with a big field full of flax
Its fields extend to the periphery of the world
For which every plant emerges
The master of the vegetation
The lord of the field
The ruler on his field in the whole country
The head of the flowers
The head of the field
The head of his field
Who inspects the flood
Who lets the field flourish
Who makes all plants perfect
Who makes the plants grow
Who creates the field
That lets the green plants grow
Who makes all arable areas shine with vegetation
Who creates the plants
Who founds the country with everything he has created
Who makes the vegatation shine
Who lets the seeds of the field become substance
Who creates for himself the grain of the gods and goddesses
Who stretches his hand over the fields
3. Harvest / storage
The one with a lot of grain
That gives rise to the fullness of the grain

E. Development
1. Primordial Deity

That comes at the beginning
Whose birth does not exist
Who creates the elders
The father of fathers
The father of the fathers of the first primeval
The father of the fathers of gods and goddesses
The father of the gods
The father at the beginning
The fathers of fathers
That creates in the beginning
The Ba des Ra the first time
The sublime B ~ a ne for the first time
The primeval one
The great prehistoric one
The primeval of the gods of the two countries
The first primeval
Who gives birth to the primeval
Who gives birth to the primeval
... who was born in the beginning in ...
The Creator in the beginning
The great God from the beginning
The excellent God of the beginning
The god since the beginning
The beginning of the gods
The beginning of emergence
The ruler at the beginning
That appears at the beginning
Who arises as a temporal
That arises at the beginning
That arises at the beginning
That was created in the beginning
That arises at the beginning
That was created before
That arises by itself
Khnum, who creates the Khnum gods
Khnum who creates the seven Khnume
The oldest of the primeval times
The oldest of the primeval
Who began to arise before what has arisen has arisen
Who started becoming together with eighthness
Who started to form at the beginning
Who creates everything that is in the beginning
Who created the primeval for the first time
The creator who was not created
Action at the beginning
The sublime in the beginning
The ancestor
The excellent ancestor
2. Creator / mother goddess
Whose form is hidden when it is created
Who creates that which is
Who creates all that exists through the action of his arms
Who creates the rams
Who creates everyone with his arms
Who creates the Ninth
Who turns the seed into bones
Who turns the seed into a perfect bone
Who creates that
Who creates this in its entirety
Who brings about creation on the potter's wheel
Who creates what is
Who creates all that exists
Who creates all that exists through the action of a poor man
Who creates the rams
Who turns the seed into bones
Who turns the seed into a perfect bone
Who creates that
Who does this in its entirety
Who brings about creation on the potter's wheel
Who creates what is
Who creates what exists and what does not exist
The creator of the gods
Who creates the gods with his two arms
The Ra on the high hill creates
Who creates the people
Who creates people and gods with his two arms
Who creates the superior
The Creator of the Upper and Lower
Who creates all snakes for himself
Who makes all things as what his heart created
Who creates the elders
Who creates the bull snakes
Who creates humanity
Who creates those who retaliate
Who opens his nose to animate what exists
In which the god rises
The great one of the potter's wheel
Who justifies the work with his arms
The producer
Who creates the Kleinvich
That creates the great
That creates those
Who creates the gods
Who creates the gods and goddesses
Who creates the gods and men
Who creates the gods, humans and every animal
That creates hundreds of thousands
Who creates all things
Who creates all living things
That creates in the beginning
Who create what exists
Who gives life to who he has created
The educational Ba
Who makes women pregnant with what he has created
The mother of mothers
The mother of the egg
The one with binding (= exhausting) arms
Who knots the seed
Who loves creating
Who creates all life with the work of his two arms
Who gives birth to the primeval
Who gives birth to the primeval
Who creates the Ninth
Who creates all that exists
Who creates the gods
Who creates the gods, the flocks and the cattle
Who creates the gods and all animals
Who creates the son
The master of the potter's wheel
The creator
Who forms the clay
Who creates the cows
Who creates the Creator
That creates them for itself
Who creates the gods
Who creates a million
Who creates millions
The master of building
The creator
Who shapes the small cattle, the cattle, the birds, the reptiles and the fish on the potter's wheel
Who creates all animals
The potter full of vitality of the goddess Isis
Who forms beings
Who creates what exists with his arms
Who creates what exists in this land
The great potter
Who creates at will
Who creates one Lord to rule the two countries
Who creates these
Who creates on his potter's wheel
Who makes the potters
Who forms the king on the potter's wheel of the nhh era
Who forms the gods on a potter's wheel
Who shapes the people (on the potter's wheel)
Who creates men and gods
Who forms the son of Isis in a fine hour
Who creates the protective gods S3w-n.sn
Who creates the mummies of the gods
The Creator in the beginning
The magnificent creator
That removes the sterile spots
The god who created the god
The god who created the god
Whose activity is the establishment of this country
Who makes the bulls jump on the cows
The creator of life
The creator of life for the living
The one above the potter's wheel
Who is above the potter's wheel of the Ninth
The one with manufacturing fingers
All things arise as what his heart created
Through whose shape all shapes arise
Through whose activity all work is created
Who unites the limbs with life (swasser)
Khnum, who creates the Khnum gods
Khnum, who creates the seven Khnume
That creates those
Who creates the gods, people and all animals on his potter's wheel
Who keeps what he has created alive
Who allows what he has created to flourish
Who lets the one he created be safe in every body
Who creates this for himself
The one that lets his fingers ... persist in the womb
That strengthens the egg
Who creates the field
Who gives rise to all animals by the wind
Who lets life arise for beings
That gives rise to the fullness of the grain
Who creates the papyrus of the goddess who is with him
That lets the green plants grow
Who gives rise to what exists
Who creates the birds
Who lets every fruit grow on his potter's wheel
Who creates the mountains
Who gives rise to everything that is for him who has emerged from it
Who gives rise to the gods
Who creates the people
Who creates the sun people and all animals as a whole
Who gives rise to all offerings / things
That gives rise to due manifestations
Who makes the fish arise
Who makes the grain for the earth's inhabitants
Who gives rise to the lower
Who creates all dishes in the country
Which gives rise to the two countries
Who give rise to the gods
That makes the semen solidify in the bones
Who breaks the uterus / eggshell in its time
Who began life even for Egypt
Who started generating
Who has begun the knotting of the seed for himself
Who started all things at the beginning
Who has begun to arise
Who started to form at the beginning
Who ties the one he created in every womb (the embryo)
Who creates the color
Who creates beings
Who creates everything that is in the beginning
Who creates the sky, the earth, the underworld, the water and the mountains
Who creates the birds
Who creates the birds, snakes and water dwellers
Who creates the primordial religious the first time
 Who creates the end for himself
Who creates the ninth in their shine
Who creates the birthplace
Who creates the four Meschenet goddesses
The creator who was not created
Who creates the NU ~ N
Who creates the lotus blossom in the midst of the NU ~ N
Who creates what is
Who creates the gods
Who creates hundreds of thousands
Who creates the craftsmen
Who creates the upper and lower
Who creates all things
Who creates the egg
Who creates the egg of him who comes out of the nut
Who creates the egg at the will of his heart
Who creates the plants
Who creates the bulls
Who creates the two countries
Who creates the dt-Ziet
Who creates all reptiles in their cave
The builder / potter
Who creates according to his wish
Who creates on the potter's wheel
Who made the potters
Who creates people
Who creates all things
Who creates every place
Who founds all districts in his name
Who founds the country
Who founds this land with its perfection
Who founds this country with his work
Who founds the country through his work
Who founds the country every day through his work
Who founds the two countries
Through whose work the country was founded
Who creates his heir
Who makes the seed of the field earth substance
Who lets the seeds of gods and men become substance
Who lets the seed become substance
Who turns the seeds into tiny knobs
... who ties the links together
Who creates for himself the grain of the gods and goddesses
Who sets up the district according to his plans
Who creates the man
Whom all those who come from his potter's wheel praise
Whose speech arose immediately (= what he said immediately becomes reality)
3. child
The rejuvenated youth
The splendid child
The splendid child
The child of Ra

12

Khnum
A. The name of the god Khnum is not definitely etymologize; maybe it is related to arab "aries". The äg verb hmn "to form" seems to be derived from the name of God. The name must be separated from that of the Dekangestirns Knum and that of the Theban god Kneph (Kematef), although all three are in the Greek -ag. Magic have given traits to the god of protection. Originally probably a pure animal god - ovis longipes palao aegyptiacus - he is already represented in the AR like other animal gods (mixed form) as a person with a ram's head (gods, animals).

B. Numerous places of worship in the above, setener in the above: Area of ​​the 1st cataract "Khnum, Lord of the cataract" (nb qbhw), who is also venerated in Gebel es-Silsile and Theban.- "Lord of Bigga "(Snmt). - "Khnum in (hrj jb) Elephantine", the temple there probably goes back at least to Thutmose I, sacrificial foundations by Thutmose III. Ram burials (animal burial); Triad: Khnum, Satet and Anuket since MR. - Aswan.- "Khnum at the head (hntj) of Philae". - Kom Ombo. - Edfu- Esna, temple probably goes back to the 18th dynasty; Thutmose III mentioned in inscriptions of the Roman era. - Dendera - Nj3wt at Abydos- Hypselis.- Hermupolis.- Antinoe (Heru-wer) since AR. - Jw-rd with Beni Hassan since AR. - Kaft Ammär, 21 oäg Gau. - Memphis, "Khnum in front of his wall", maybe instead of an anonymous god. - 2 u.äg Gau "Khnum at the top of his path (hntj w3t.f)," later "of his rope (hntj w3rt.f)". From the cataract area, the cult of Khnum has been spread far to Nubia, where he mostly bears the names "Lord of the cataract" or "Lord of Bigga": Debod.- Beit el-Wali. - Dendur. - Dakke. - Amada. - Qasr Ibrim. - Kumma and Semna, temple of the "Khnum, who fends off the arch peoples," and the deified Sesotris III.

C. The partly demonstrably high age of the places of worship and the essentially similar validity of God make it impossible to designate a place as his original 'home'. Against the conception of the Khnum as an original local god (gods, local) it also speaks that in the FrZT the title "servant" (hm) or "prophet" (hm ntr) of the Khnum is found several times as a palace title, whereby the meaning this khnum is uncertain; Kaplony thinks of a patron god of the throne. The god will be one of the oldest gods who, in historical times, were split up into a multitude of gods with the same name but locally differentiated (splitting of the gods). Despite all the local differences, one can probably describe one's being with the terms of the creator god and producer. The name formation Khnum-Ra, which is documented early on (MR), is based on this, especially for the god of Elephantine. Furthermore, in the cataract area, together with the goddesses Satet and Anuket, he is considered to be the bringer of the Nile water (Nile springs) and thus the giver of fertility. This brings him in connection with the crocodile god Sobek (FIG.). In Esna he connects with the goddess Menhit, who is identical with Nit as the original goddess. Both son is the god Heka. Menhit, for her part, is equated as the lioness of Tefnut, with which Khnum = Shu and both son Heka - born in Antinoe, his female counterpart is the midwife Heqet, a frog goddess. This khnum in particular is considered to be an obstetrician (birth legend). Outside of theology, too, he is credited with the creation of the individual human being like the king. This activity is illustrated in the God who forms the human being on the potter's wheel; and that is why he is sometimes called a 'potter' in general. As a giver of fertility and creator of "gods, people, animals and plants" he becomes the primordial and creator god par excellence and, like others as an androgynous primordial god, bears the epithet "father of fathers, mother of mothers," without prejudice to his cultic connection with goddesses. In this capacity he is felt to be related to Ptah and less to Amun; and it is probably related to this when he named a multitude of Khnum gods, probably because of the cult-topographical multiplicity of the god and because of his omnipresent activity. In the SpZT there are 7 Khnum gods who are creatures of a primordial Khnum. On the basis of cult topography there is an explanation that the four most important cults of Khnum are in Elephantine, Esna, Hypselis, Antinoe dei cults of the "four living ram gods", each of which is the 'souls' (= Ba; pun between Ba "soul" and Ba "Aries") of Ra, Shu, Osiris, and Geb his. It is still not certain to what extent Khnum is also to be regarded as an oracle god. As the god of birth, he becomes the lord of destiny, and in the Suncretistic figure of Khnubis he comes into contact with the Agathos daimon. Even if an actual oracle practice with him is not known, one thinks of him or of a possible after-effects of oracles in the story of the prophesying lamb (= ram?) Of Bokchoris and that of the potter's oracle (potter = Khnum?); an epithet like "who foretells the coming" would also point in this direction.

D. Feasts of the Khnum are known through the Thutmose III Foundation for Elephantine and especially through the Esna festival calendar with processions and visits to the gods, including that of the Nit of Sais.

E. Priests of local cults were occupied from the French to the late. It is worth mentioning the name of the priest of Kafr Ammar (21 oäg Gau) in Greco-Roman. Zt; the priest bears the title "who builds the body" (huz or qd h'w), the priestess is called Hnmt, i.e. the Chnumin or the "Bildnerin".

F. Personal names formed with the name Khnum see Badawi, op. Cit., 59 ff.


13
[PUBLIC] Welcome! / Re: Hi everyone
« on: March 01, 2021, 04:49:16 pm »
em hotep and welcome!

14
Wenut/Unut

Unut (Wnwt), mistress of Wnw (name of the older capital of the 15th or later district of Wnwt). Because of the determination of the name with the hieroglyph Gardiner, EG, Signlist, I 12 "upright cobra" since the time of the coffin texts, it has been a snake goddess, according to Assmann it means "the quick one". As a snake, Unut falls into the circle of the urea / crown goddesses, possibly splitting into two goddesses with the name Unut. In a document from Dendara, Unut is portrayed as a rabbit-headed with rabbit ears; there is likely to be a late reinterpretation due to the spelling of the name with the characters "rabbit". Rabbit-headed gods and goddesses appear several times in documents from the 21 dynasty, but never with names; their naming must therefore remain open.

15
[PUBLIC] Welcome! / Re: Mimi says Hi
« on: February 01, 2021, 04:52:01 pm »
em hotep and welcome!

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